As part of its response to the global financial crisis of 2008, HM Government introduced legislation requiring U.K. banks to separate the provision of core retail services from other activities […]
The Law Commission has undertaken to review the law of England and Wales and consider reforms to ensure that the law can accommodate digital assets. As a first step, it […]
this response to the FCA’s Consultation on its new powers over the use of critical benchmarks, the FMLC has highlighted uncertainties in relation to the BMR generally, which in turn lead to confusion regarding the new powers and the difficulties in defining the “tough legacy” contracts in relation to which the FCA may use its new powers.
The FMLC has also drawn attention to the possible overlap of the new regime for stablecoins with the existing regime under the E-Money Regulations.
To facilitate the transition of “tough legacy” contracts away from LIBOR, HM Government has introduced the Financial Services Bill 2019-21 (the “Financial Services Bill”) which grants new powers under to the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) to help it manage an orderly “wind-down of critical benchmarks”.
This note, published in pursuit of the FMLC’s educational remit, outlines some of the legal issues which arise in the context of monetary policy and monetary financing, and considers a recent judicial decision in relation to the distinction between monetary policy and monetary financing, so as to highlight particular consequences for stimulus policies by National Central Banks.
In March 2020, governments around the world took action to stall the advent of the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) by implementing a range of “social distancing” rules. These measures have meant that market participants may be unable to print and sign documents with “wet ink” in accordance with usual practice. In this context, the FMLC has published this paper surveying the position of electronic signatures under key jurisdictions.
The FMLC has drafted a response to the Consultation in the form of two complementary reports. Part I comprises comments on the classification of cryptoassets. Part II comprises comments in response to the section of the Consultation dealing with cryptoassets which fall within the E.U. regulatory perimeter.
On 11 October 2019, the European Commission published a public consultation document on the review of the BMR (the “Consultation”). The FMLC has submitted a response
In this paper, the FMLC explores the ways in which regulators and legislators have attempted to grapple with the many varieties of virtual currencies and in particular those which have arguably come to function as money for legal purposes. The definition of “virtual currencies” in the E.U.’s Fifth Money Laundering